Introduction to Kashan

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Introduction to Kashan

The city of Kashan has an area of ​​9647 square kilometers and the population of 335875 is the province of Isfahan and is considered the second largest city in the province. Kashan has four sections (central, Qamesar, Niasar and Borzak) and has five cities (Kashan, Qasem, Niasar, Joshaghan and Borzak).
If you tell that Kashan was one of the first centers of human civilization, it would not surprise you. According to archaeological excavations in the Silk hills of Kashan, the history of human presence in this area dates back to 5,000 to 7,000 BC. But it must be admitted that the history of this city is fraught with devastation:
In the second half of the nineteenth and first half of the tenth century, the city had a great reputation and a densely populated city, but the tenth century earthquake destroyed Kashan and its market. In the 11th century and during the Safavid period, it gained the same degree for the second time and was very famous as Isfahan, but it was again destroyed in 1192 AH with a severe earthquake.
Kashan prospered during the Seljuqs, and it re-emerged at the time of Qara-Qi’unlu. As far as the place of attention of scientists, after Karim Khan, and after an earthquake that occurred during the Qajar period, Kashan suffered local disasters and conflicts and saw plenty of losses.
Nevertheless, Kashan has always been important in the history of the city and continues to live.
Poster Name of Kashan:
There is a lot of talk about the sign of Kashan. However, given the meaning of the words of Kas, water bowls and cache and the position of Kashan in the old days, this term can be taken from Kas, which in Kashan originally and over time has been transformed into Kashan.
Linguists believe that the name of Kashan means summer houses, which are made with wood and straw, while others call Kaushan the name of words such as Kasian, Kashian, Kishani and Kahfashan, Kasou or Kashou.
In general, a number of historians and archaeologists have expressed their views on the issue of the name of Kashan and its initial name, which is referred to as a few:

Since the city was the center for making the best tiles in the centuries, it is called Kashian and Kashan.
After archaeological excavations in the Silk hills, archaeologists have come to the conclusion that the name of Kashan is derived from the word Kashu or Kasu, which was the ancient ethnic group that lived in Mesopotamia, and then moved to this system. And their place of residence is called Kasyan or Kashiyan.
In his court, Malik al-Shara’a Bahar in his court considered the name of Kashan as a temple and a place of celebration and anxiety.
The author of the Persian Dictionary of Cultures in Arabic writes: Kashan refers to summer houses made of wood and straw.
The author of the book of historical works of Kashan and Natanz writes: Since the first settlement in this area has been made by the mythological kings along the Phineas, they are called the Kings, the position of the rulers.
Communication position:
Kashan has been especially important due to the fact that it has been in business and communication throughout all periods.
Once upon a time, it is located along the Silk Road and has contributed greatly to the city’s prosperity and development. And now there is a significant link on the highway connecting the capital to the southern cities such as Nain, Yazd, Kerman, Bandar Abbas and … Related. This connection has been made easier, especially with the completion of the Qom-Isfahan highway. As well as Kashan, with its location on the Tehran-Isfahan, Tehran-Yazd and Kerman railroads, has developed and expanded economically and expanded.
According to the geographic map of the mapping organization, the city of Kashan has four sections:
1 – Niasar 2 – Qasemar 3 – Borzak 4 – Central and suburbs
Based on the above, there are a total of 84 Deh Abad in the city of Kashan. But many other villages are also seen to be empty and abandoned for various reasons (lack of water, etc.). In general, there are 110 to 130 villages around the city.
Religion:
The religion of the people of this city is a dual tribe of Shiism, so that through its unbelievable faith, asceticism and unparalleled reverence for its Shiites, Islam has so far been dominated by Shiite-dominated Shiites and is mentioned as good. In the time of Safavid, Kashan was known as the religious capital of Iran. Centuries ago, a number of Jews also lived in Kashan, many of them from the Safavid period, but nowadays a small number of them are settled in the city. Ruby Hamoyi Akhdad writes in Mojtaba al-Baladan about the faith of the people of Kashan:
“Some of the Alawites in Kashan are waiting for them to emerge in the morning of tomorrow, and every morning, armed riders will go to the horse outside and they will be sorry.”

Language:
The language of the people is Persian. But in the villages of the city, there is a common language and Tati that is commonly used in the Persian words of the Dari or the old Ferris. In the history of Kashan, Zarabi writes: The people of the block are another language that the city people do not understand the meaning of it, and it is called a common language, which has many dormant words.

Weather in Kashan:
In terms of climatic zonation of the city of Kashan in the climate zone with relatively cold winters and very hot summers.
The city of Kashan is located around the south and west in the siege of the central Iranian central dynasty. The hills of the mountain range generally have a subtle and temperate climate, but from the north-east, which connects to the desert terrain of the central desert, the air is gradually drying and burning, and the weather in the plain section of Kashan Warm and dry. The main reason for the dry air of Kashan is its proximity to the Desert Desert. The air in this city also crosses the 40 ° C boundary in the summer. The winds