In the rainy period between the last glacial periods (geology), it appears that the vast center of the sea was widespread in the center of Iran. The sea gradually dried and drowned at the start of the landing, where the great desert is now in its place, and human settlements have settled in the villages around the place, as the oldest civilization can be found on a crescent-shaped desert. One of the oldest civilizations of this margin of silk civilization. The Silk hills, located 2 km southwest of Kashan, are one of the oldest centers of human settlements on the central plateau of Iran. About seven thousand years ago, Silk people founded the foundation of civilization that made significant progress in different periods. Signs of this progress can be seen in the works of pottery and objects of Messi and the cemetery derived from these hills (the northern and southern hills of Silk), which today is the most adorned part of most of the reputable museums of Iran and the world.
The Silk family, which had many innovations and innovations in the industries of that era, has had cultural and economic ties with Mesopotamian civilization and other areas of Iran. Silk civilization is of great importance to archaeologists as one of the first plain civilizations. Particularly, there were significant improvements in pottery, painting and the use of bricks in the construction of buildings and other materials. Although the trajectory of this civilization is suddenly lost in history, and the people of Silk are ravaged by the invasion of the tar and the serpents, some believe that the inhabitants of Silak after the destruction of the city and their dimples to the Saran sources, especially Niasar and Nush Abad has sheltered and created villages. Due to the fact that there are no works of Achaemenid and Parthian periods in Kashan Moghaddam, and archaeological research is very limited in this area, there is not much information about the civilization of this period in Kashan, but the discovery of silver coins belonging to the Achaemenid and Parthian periods In this region there is a trace of the history of the Achaemenid era and Seluky. The discovery of a treasure belonging to the end of the first millennium BC in the village of Marq is a testimony to the continuation of civilization in Kashan until the late Achaemenid period. Although there is no news of the Parthian period in this area, a large number of historical sources tell of Kashan’s prosperity and prosperity in the Sassanid period. The presence of Niasar, Khoramshad and Natanz firecrafts, references to Qom’s history dates back to ancient areas such as Niasar and Noshabad, the news of a Sasanian settlement called Saroyeh in the Kashan region, which, according to historians until the early Islamic period, also produced works on it It has been all evidence of this claim.
Kashan during the Islamic era along with Qom, Isfahan, Hamedan and … are among the cities of Balad Jabal or Iraqi Ajam. Many historians have spoken about the famous men and the warrior of Kashan in this age (Sassanid era) who have participated in many wars. “Aphtham” Kofi, a great Arab historian, has mentioned the presence of 20,000 Qom and Kashan warrior riders Who were present at the Nahavand War.
The historians and travelers of the early Islamic period have mentioned the Arabs in Kashan and their Shiites as their main attributes and introduced Kashan as a small city.
Kashan faced Arabs in the first decades of the first century, after suffering Arabs, and after being resisted by the loss of his fortresses, he was surrendered to the devastation; Hamdab Mostofi in “Nizha al-Qalub” built the city of Kashan during the Islamic era ” Khatun, “the wife of Harun al-Rasheed, writes in this regard:
In the second century AH, Muslims lived in a place called Forty Hesaran.
Kashan during the Al Boya era enjoyed a special boom and its pottery and metalwork industry had a great reputation, as sacred at this time from Kashan: “Kashan Shahri Abad and nice villages, farms, warmth of goodness and blessing It is abundant and has a fortress and a ghost. ”
Kashan during the Al-Boyah period was paid more attention by the advent of the Shiite sultans and their influence on the caliph of Baghdad, and along with Qom, Enayat Al Boyeh and his scientist minister Sahib ibn Ebad were not left out.
With the start of the fifth century and the coming of the Seljuk regime, Kashan was gaining momentum and credibility. At that time, great and renowned men of the city became governed and came to high degrees. As Ravandi writes: “Most of the brothels, the Mostofians and the secretaries of the court were Kashani, the arts and sciences at this time were complete, and Kashan was the place and the source of grace. During this period, the city was developed and a large number of public buildings were built such as mosques, schools, khanqahs, Dar al-Shafa and the library. ”
Most of the buildings constructed during the Seljuk period have been destroyed and destroyed by successive earthquakes, but what remains is the development of Kashan in this era. The most important works of these monuments are the mosque, which was rebuilt during this period (Seljuk), with a brick and minaret dome decorated with a Kofi date of 466 AH. Is ah
In addition, the minarets “Panjeh Shah”, “Tower of the City”, “Band Qamesar” and “Castle Jalali” are among other famous monuments of this era.
During the Seljuk period, Kashan recovered considerably. The plenty of historical works in this period and the existence of numerous schools that were established in Kashan during this period, as well as the emergence of dozens of Kashani scholars at that time, testified to the civilization and progress of this city. Kashan during this period has been attacked by Miyajiq, one of the commanders of the Khwarizm and Sultanid dynasty of Saljuk bin Muhammad ibn Maltashah, as mentioned in the book of Raheh al-Sattar and Divan Abu-Reza Ravandi.
Both Kashan’s invasions are due to the tower and the rain